I will tell you about my great-grandfather – Akim Fedorovich Pristupenko.
Pristudenko Akim Fedorovich was born in 1905 in the city of Azov, Rostov region. He passed military service in the navy, started a family, worked at the Azov fish factory, was a member of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks). Participated in the Soviet-Finnish war (1939-1940).
In 1941 the Great Patriotic War began. He was drafted to the front, in the 8th Marine Brigade of the Black Sea Fleet. At first he served in a rifle company, then, after being wounded, he carried out assignments to provide food for military personnel. His duties included the reception, maintenance and storage of food, knowledge of the basics of cooking, preparation of high-quality three meals a day. Professionally important qualities: training, high sense of duty, hard work, ability to keep everything clean and tidy.
He soon became a senior instructor who was appointed from among the best and most qualified specialists. His duties were to properly organize and distribute work between services, conduct briefings, determine the composition and order, transfer shifts, check the appearance, monitor the work of subordinates, their training, compliance with the rules of technology, operation of equipment and maintenance of the shift.
The higher authorities assigned him great responsibility in the area of naval counterintelligence.
The Soviet fleet was under the scrutiny of foreign intelligence services. German intelligence focused on getting reliable information about our navy.
In the first months of the war, the need for military counterintelligence officers rose sharply. To solve this problem, training courses for operational workers for special departments were organized at the Higher School of the NKVD of the USSR. Work in this direction in the Soviet fleet was carried out by the organ of the 3rd Directorate of the NKVMF.
The following tasks were assigned: the fight against sabotage, espionage, terror, sabotage, the adoption of the necessary measures to exclude the penetration of enemy agents.
In 1943, a higher school of counterintelligence “SMERSH” (abbr. “Death to Spies”) was organized in the People’s Commissariat of the Navy. Political workers were responsible for the morale of the personnel, they inspired the sailors before the battle.
At the time of formation, the composition of the 8th brigade was as follows: management (headquarters, communications company, medical unit, commandant platoon), rifle battalions, machine-gun company, artillery and mortar divisions, sapper platoon, reconnaissance platoon, rear of the brigade.
During the war, operational interchangeability was the first priority. In the course of the battle, the composition of the naval brigade suffered numerous losses, all the time mutual assistance was required.
In connection with the martial law, many mastered various specialties, including my great-grandfather. Akim Fedorovich Pristupenko, being the senior in the distribution and organization of food, also took part in sea battles and in counterintelligence. Shot from a gun when attacking and storming the enemy. After winning the bloody battle for Sevastopol, he received a new position and an additional specialty – helmsman, navigator.
The 8th Marine Brigade played a big role in the battle for Sevastopol 1941-1942. Arrived on October 30, 1941 and immediately took part in the battles in one of the most difficult sectors of the battle (brigade commander – Colonel V. L. Vilshansky). The most fierce fighting broke out near Mount Azis-Oba. In two days of bloody battles, the 8th brigade lost more than half of its composition, about 1,800 people.
During the offensive on December 24, the Germans launched an attacking blow. Colonel V. L. Vilshansky personally led the last battalion in reserve in a counterattack. The enemy was driven back. Reinforcements, the 79th Marine Brigade and the 345th Infantry Division arrived at our troops. Soviet soldiers held the Sevastopol bridgehead. Distinguished by their courage and courage, many military commissars of battalions, commanders, officers, sailors fell the death of the brave.
In January 1942, the updated 8th Marine Brigade was created, which included the 7th Marine Brigade and the 1st Marine Regiment. The commander of the second formation was Colonel P.F.Gorpishchenko.
The defense of Sevastopol lasted 8 months, this contributed to the disruption of the plan of the German command to seize the Caucasus in the fall of 1941, which helped the Soviet counteroffensive near Rostov in November 1941.
The decisive importance in defense was the moral factor in extremely difficult conditions of struggle, as well as the use of bold and flexible methods of warfare. The German command was forced to admit the endurance and incredible resilience of the Soviet soldier.
In 1970, at the 14th kilometer of the Simferopol highway, a memorial sign was erected in honor of the soldiers of the 8th brigade – a stone stele with memorial plaques.
After the battle in the battle for Sevastopol, my great-grandfather was listed as missing, as evidenced by the printed book of memory of the hero-city of Sevastopol (volume 4). But he survived.
During a terrible battle, together with everyone, he began to storm the enemy. They were shooting from machine-gun and mortar equipment. Our warship was also subjected to heavy shelling, suffered huge losses of personnel, urgent help in steering was needed. My great-grandfather coped with this task.
When he was counted during a detour after the battle of the dead, wounded and survivors, he was considered missing in the battles for Sevastopol.
When the new composition of the Black Sea Fleet was formed at the military transit point, he was given a new certificate: position – helmsman-navigator, military rank – sergeant, place of service – 2nd house of the NKVMF.
The Great Patriotic War claimed millions of Soviet citizens’ lives. Many died in the harsh battles. My great-grandfather’s brother, Vladimir Fedorovich Pristupenko, was a military intelligence officer. He was distinguished by great endurance, had excellent physical characteristics. In the winter cold, secretly, on ice skating, at fast speed, from Port-Katon to Azov, I ran for secret data and orientations. I put the information I received on my skate and immediately brought it back to Port Caton. He died heroically in 1944, in the battles for the city of Kerch. On the highest peak of the city, Mount Mithridates, there is an obelisk of memory and glory to the heroes of Kerch and Crimea, where his name is engraved.
My great-grandfather, Akim Fedorovich Pristupenko, was awarded orders and medals for bravery, courage and courage shown in battles. He talked a lot about the naval service, the heroic deeds of sailors and officers, about a meeting at a party meeting with the chairman of the food and food supply committee of the Soviet Army, the GKO transport committee, a member of the committee for the restoration of the national economy, Anastas Mikoyan was he was personally invited to work as the chief chef in the Kremlin canteen. On his behalf, a specialized train came to move his family to Moscow, but my great-grandfather decided to stay and restore his hometown of Azov from the ruins.