Book of Sirach 22:25
History and documents. So, we continue our acquaintance with the documents from the party archive of the Penza region. And today we will see photocopies of documents for 1934. “Year of the winners’ convention”. Since we do not have any particular topic, we will read everything in order to get an impression of that time.
In principle, anyone can work here today, but you need to get permission from the state archive, since OPPO GAPO is its branch. Many are looking for their relatives. After all, all the communists had registration cards and personal files, and you can learn a lot from them. For example, that your ancestor, a participant in the Second World War, awarded orders and medals, was expelled from the party for … sodomy, and at the same time put on trial for it.
Let’s start with this document. At one time on VO there was my article about hooliganism in Penza and the region, written on the basis of one Ph.D. thesis on the deviant behavior of Soviet citizens of the 1920s. But there the case ended in the 29th year. And now five years have passed, and the problem of hooliganism, as it turned out, is still there, especially in the countryside.
It is interesting that in the documents of 1934 (in the newspapers Pravda and Rabochaya Penza), the terms “wrecker” and “sabotage” have not yet been used. But it was about “class aliens”, “loss of party instinct”, “demoralizing people” and “leftist folds”. It’s interesting what kind of “leftist bends” could have been allowed by the head of the MTS, but it was not possible to find out from the documents.
What business did not have to deal with the city committee of the CPSU (b). After all, there were Soviets of Working People’s Deputies, both urban and rural, why were they there then? However, the party was even concerned with the pregnant mares and the more frequent abortions in the region. In general, a strange picture turns out if the party documents are read: the police were inactive, the grooms did not follow the horses, the marriage in factories exceeded 60%. Did anyone work for us as it should be?
But this is a very interesting document. About the fight against street children. But where did they come from? The civil war ended in 1922. In the 1920s, the fight against homelessness was very active. And here again the street children, and even on a scale that caused discussion at the level of the city committee …
Another indicative document. There is no party propaganda work. The City Committee notes this. Opened the “breakthrough”. And there and then an instruction to liquidate it within 10 days. But is it possible to correct such a serious shortcoming in such a time? Moreover, to ensure the “high quality of party training” where there was none at all. This is how the party organs themselves pushed people to show off. They set deliberately impossible tasks, and then demanded their fulfillment. And people, so that they are not punished, all … “carried out”. The question is “how”?
But this is just a unique document. That is, 4 years after the “liquidation of the kulaks as a class”, kulaks still existed quite legally on the Penza land, and they were given tasks by the City Committee of the Party to “bring the cultivated area”. What were these fists? Your own on the board and absolutely loyal to the Soviet regime? But the kulak is a rural usurer, a “world eater”, a “spider” – that’s how they were called in the village. And suddenly – here’s a separate list of “comrades kulaks”. Very interesting. This is a topic for a separate study: “Soviet kulaks after collectivization and dispossession.”
Also very interesting stuff. In defense of old specialists, here’s how. Against administration … Something familiar blows, isn’t it? It seems that even today we had quite recently also “doctors’ cases” in a Moscow oncology hospital, connected with excessive administration by the director. As you can see, little has changed in our country. The same rake, and we still step on them.
To be continued…