Hero of the Soviet Union who saved the world in Chernobyl. Colonel General Nikolai Timofeevich Antoshkin


Photo phalera.ru – Ilya Grinberg

The best are leaving … More recently, I talked about the Hero of the Russian Federation, General Agapov. Today I want to tell you about another general, about the Hero of the Soviet Union, Colonel General Nikolai Antoshkin. And I want to start with a quote that I took from the statement of the Chairman of the Defense Committee of the State Duma of the Russian Federation, General Shamanov:

A wonderful person has passed away, whose contribution to the development of the defense capability of our state can hardly be overestimated. He went through a difficult life path. He had many trials, which he always accepted with dignity.

Hero of the Soviet Union Nikolai Timofeevich Antoshkin devoted himself to military affairs, serving the Fatherland. He was a professional of the highest class, principled and strong-willed, courageous, strong-willed man.

There are people whose life is the history of the state in which they lived. Most often, we consider the history of the country, linking it with the life of kings, emperors, presidents, chancellors, prime ministers.

Hero of the Soviet Union, Soviet and Russian military leader, Doctor of Military Sciences, Honored Military Pilot of the Russian Federation, 1st class pilot, honorary citizen of the Republic of Mordovia and the city of Kumertau, head of the Club of Heroes of the Soviet Union, Heroes of the Russian Federation, full holders of the Order of Glory in Moscow and the Moscow Region , Deputy of the State Duma of the Russian Federation, Colonel-General of Aviation Nikolai Timofeevich Antoshkin from among the historical figures.

A boy born on December 19, 1942 in the remote Bashkir village of Kuzminovka, Fedorovskiy district of the Bashkir SSR, who graduated from high school in the small town of Kumertau, dreamed of becoming a pilot. Then there was the Orenburg Higher Military Aviation Red Banner School of Pilots and 37 years of impeccable service in the ranks of the military aviation of the USSR, and then the Russian Federation. The Gagarin Air Force Academy, the Military Academy of the General Staff of the USSR Armed Forces, the path from a simple pilot of a reconnaissance regiment to the deputy commander-in-chief of the Russian Air Force for combat training.

Freshly baked Lieutenant Antoshkin arrived at the reconnaissance aviation regiment of the Belarusian Military District in 1965. The usual service of a reconnaissance pilot. Flights, flights, flights … 4 years of service and the position of flight commander. And the first baptism of fire was the aviation support of the troops involved in the events in Czechoslovakia in 1968.

It was the combat experience and the experience of the reconnaissance commander that caused the pilot Antoshkin to spend 1969-1970 on the Soviet-Chinese border, where he took part in the aviation support of the Soviet troops during the 1969 conflict.

Next is the academy and the new place of service of Major Antoshkin. 1973 Nikolai Timofeevich is already in the Odessa military district. Squadron commander. But the talented pilot was not kept in this position for a long time. After training courses for regimental commanders, Major Antoshkin is already deputy. regiment commander for flight training.

In 1975, a new, completely unusual and interesting period of service of Lieutenant Colonel Antoshkin begins. He receives the order to accept the 87th separate reconnaissance regiment, which does not yet exist. Thus, the regiment commander himself forms the regiment in the Kashkadarya region of the Uzbek SSR. Everything is unusual. Although it is difficult to surprise a scout with something, the new position really impressed. The regiment worked closely with Soviet cosmonauts.

At this point, it would probably be appropriate to talk about one combat operation that the regiment commander Antoshkin carried out together with the crew of the Soyuz-21 spacecraft. Pilot Antoshkin and cosmonauts Volynov and Zholobov conducted a synchronous survey of the Baikonur cosmodrome in 1976. It was a unique operation performed for the first time in the world.

In 1979, it already became clear that some events would soon begin in Afghanistan. Since March 1979, Antoshkin’s regiment begins active reconnaissance of the territory of this country. But the commander of the reconnaissance regiment did not get to this war. In July 1979, he already commanded the same 11th regiment in the GSVG. But this is just a “jump airfield” for a new position.

Two-month course for the chiefs of staff of an aviation formation and appointment in May 1980 to the post of aviation commander of the 20th Guards Army (GSVG, Eberswalde-Finow). But this is just a passing position. Academy of the General Staff and already in 1983, Colonel Antoshkin, aviation commander-deputy commander of the Central Command. In 1985, Major General Antoshkin became Chief of Staff and First Deputy Commander of the Air Force of the Kiev Military District.

There are events in the life of any person when one has to answer oneself the question: “Who are you?” For Major General Antoshkin, such an event was the Chernobyl disaster. It is necessary to write about this in more detail.

On April 26, 1986, immediately after the accident at the nuclear power plant, General Antoshkin arrived in the disaster area. The first thing that was done was a reconnaissance flight over the crash site. Moreover, the chief of staff himself flew in a helicopter over the explosion site and recorded the destruction. At the moment of the highest emissions.

Antoshkin took command of the aviation group in the disaster zone. I personally gave the command to raise the helicopter regiments of the district and move them to the zone. The general practically did not leave the headquarters, organized the filling of the crater, and resolved emerging issues until May 5. And then there was, probably, the only dismissal in the career of the pilot Antoshkin.

Despite objections, by order of the commander of the Kiev district, Major General Antoshkin was removed from the duties of the commander of the aviation group due to a large dose (over 25 roentgens) of radioactive radiation. But here, too, the general carried out the order in his own way. He did not leave the zone, but continued to lead the helicopter units already as the chief of staff of the air force of the district.

On December 24, 1986, Major General of Aviation Nikolai Timofeevich Antoshkin was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union with the Order of Lenin and the Gold Star medal (No. 11552). “For a great personal contribution to the successful implementation of work on the elimination of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, the elimination of its consequences and the courage and heroism shown in this process”.

After the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, General Antoshkin continued to serve in various positions. In September 1998, Colonel-General Antoshkin resigned from the post of Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Air Force for Combat Training – Head of the Air Force Combat Training Directorate.

Deputy of the State Duma of the VI and VII convocations, member of the United Russia faction.

We often somehow stop noticing the heroes next to us. We see those who are far away. Those who are cast in bronze of the monuments are immortalized in the names of streets and memorials. Meanwhile, such Heroes live next to us. Alas, General Nikolai Antoshkin now … lived. But the memory remains. Our memory and our gratitude for the feat!

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