Thyroid cancer, its types. Medullary thyroid cancer, its signs. Papillary thyroid cancer, its symptoms. Survival Predictions for Thyroid Cancer, Gender Symptoms
A disease such as thyroid cancer, oncologists refer to malignant formations in the body. The disease may not appear for a long time and be detected only when it is already too late. For this reason, it is necessary to undergo an ordinary examination by an endocrinologist every six months.
When the disease is detected early, the outcome is much more favorable. Incidentally, symptoms of thyroid cancer are more common in men than in women.
Thyroid cancer, its types
Due to the fact that the thyroid gland produces cells of various origins, several types of cancer are distinguished:
• papillary type;
• follicular type;
• medullary type;
• anaplastic type.
The most common types are medullary and papillary cancers. Other types of cancer occur much less frequently and later in life.
Medullary thyroid cancer, its signs
Medullary cancer is considered one of the most severe forms of the disease. It is not so often found in patients with thyroid problems, but you should not allow the disease to progress to advanced stages. In the presence of medullary thyroid cancer, we can say that the body is facing a serious struggle, because there are much more cancer cells in it than healthy and regenerating ones.
The main causes of medullary cancer are:
• radiation of the ionizing type – this reason was revealed after the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, cases of the development of cancerous tumors of the medullary type became more frequent;
• radiation therapy applied to the head and neck area;
• hereditary factor;
• age over forty;
• wrong lifestyle of the patient.
In addition, there are a number of diseases that can lead to the development of this type of cancer. These include:
• diseases of the mammary glands and genitals;
• rectal cancer, accompanied by the presence of polyps;
• endocrine neoplasia;
• neoplasms of a benign nature in the thyroid gland.
Signs of medullary thyroid cancer include its first symptoms:
• an increase in the size of the lymph nodes;
• the appearance of small nodes on the thyroid gland;
• soreness in the neck, especially when swallowing;
• some changes in the timbre of the voice;
• the appearance of an unreasonable frequent cough;
• the occurrence of shortness of breath.
An oncologist can diagnose this disease by performing all the necessary tests, such as ultrasound and clinical studies.
Papillary thyroid cancer symptoms
The next common type of thyroid cancer is papillary cancer. It got its name from the fact that its cells look like the leaves of a fern, or frond. In contrast to the medullary type of the disease, this pathology begins to develop from cells of the thyroid type. Usually, the predictions after surgery for papillary thyroid cancer are quite reassuring, since the disease completely disappears from the body, and the likelihood of relapse is negligible.
The main signs of the disease include:
• presence of oncology of the thyroid gland in previous generations;
• exposure to a high dose of radiation;
• radiation that occurs during blastosis of systems such as the circulatory and lymphatic;
• iodine deficiency in the body;
• the presence of multiple type hamartoma syndrome (it is he who is the “lever” that triggers the onset of the disease).
If it speaks of the symptoms of the disease, then at the initial stages it does not manifest itself in any way. However, over time, a number of signs appear, indicating that it is time to visit an endocrinologist. These include:
• the presence of small formations in the form of nodes in the area of the organ, which can not only be felt, but also be visually noticeable;
• feeling of tightness in the trachea and esophagus;
• changes in the timbre of the voice;
• the occurrence of painful sensations during swallowing.
For accurate diagnosis, the endocrinologist usually gives the patient directions for an ultrasound scan, an aspiration biopsy, a blood test, and an MRI. After all the studies have been carried out and the general picture of the disease emerges, they begin to prescribe treatment, which is selected individually.
Thyroid cancer prognosis: what they depend on
The condition of patients with thyroid cancer after surgery has better forecasts for the future than with other oncological diseases. Moreover, operations are performed when it is already pointless to treat the disease by other methods. However, when a patient with one of the types of thyroid cancer has a question about how long they will live with, doctors say that it will take a long time.
Naturally, the rate of recovery of patients depends both on the age group in which they are located and on the stage of the disease. It is worth remembering that this disease, which is of an onco nature, has much better statistics in terms of complete cure of patients than others.
If we consider the statistics of patient survival depending on the type of disease, it can be noted that:
• patients with papillary cancer survive in almost 100% of cases;
• Patients with end-stage follicular cancer survive in 55% of cases, and those with early detection of the disease in 100%;
• patients with medullary cancer in the fourth stage survive in 30% of cases, and those with an earlier stage are cured in 98%;
• Patients with cancer of the anaplastic type usually live for about a year after being diagnosed.
It is worth considering the fact that recovery and recovery from illness are also influenced by the lifestyle that a person leads, his diet, the type of stress, the presence of stressful situations, as well as his own desire to live.
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