In the frames of the glorious division
My great-grandfather, Golotvin Fyodor Konstantinovich, was born on March 1, 1924 in a village with an interesting name Gorodok, Usmansky District, Voronezh Region. 60 years later, at the jubilee awarding of the Order of the Patriotic War, the village of Predrechye was already recorded as the birthplace of the great-grandfather, and this still needs to be clarified.
Fyodor Golotvin was not even 19 years old when he, called up by the Usman regional military enlistment office, went to the front. Great-grandfather graduated from short courses of military training, fought with the rank of sergeant, and then senior sergeant, as part of the 250th Bobruisk Red Banner Order of Suvorov II degree rifle division.
From my grandmother, daughter of Fyodor Konstantinovich, and from various sources, I tried to learn a little about this division. By order of the NKVD of the USSR of June 29, 1941, 15 special divisions of the Red Army were formed at once, including the 250th rifle division. The personnel of each such division consisted of 1,000 private and junior commanding personnel and 500 commanding personnel recruited from the NKVD troops.
The front-line documents say this:
“The backbone of the division was made up of border guards, the priority when enrolling in the division was given to persons who had previously served in the OGPU-NKVD troops.”
Up to the full cadre in the NKVD division, all categories of servicemen were also recruited by conscription from the reserve. As a result, very reliable combat formations were formed, which the command usually sent to guard the most important strategic objects or to the most dangerous sectors of the front.
The 250th Infantry Division was formed during the most difficult period of the war, from 2 to 16 July 1941, in the area of ancient Vladimir. In 1985, a beautiful and austere memorial stele was erected on Victory Square in the city of Vladimir, which lists nine military formations formed in the city, including the 250th Infantry Division.
Initially, the division’s combat strength included: 918th, 922th and 926th rifle regiments, 790th light artillery regiment, 778th howitzer artillery regiment, 308th separate anti-tank division, 527th separate anti-aircraft artillery division, 329 -I separate reconnaissance company, 670th separate communications battalion, 418th separate engineer battalion, 248th chemical protection company, 258th medical battalion, 471st separate motor transport battalion, 286th field bakery, 299th a separate veterinary infirmary, the 813th field post office, the military prosecutor’s office, and the 714th field cash office of the State Bank.
The total initial personnel strength of the division was 12,129 people. The division was intended to defend large industrial facilities from possible enemy airborne assault forces, but the situation at the front required other solutions. On July 15, 1941, the division, without completing its formation, set off by railroad, moreover, passing through Moscow, to the area of the city of Rzhev.
From there, starting from July 18, she makes a 109-kilometer transition to the city of Bely, Kalinin (now Tver) region, and already there, on July 22, 1941, it is included in the Smolensk battle. The division turns out to be part of the 30th Army of the Western Front, commanded by Major General V.A.Khomenko, and receives the task of counterattacking the enemy in the direction of Dukhovshchina and stopping its advance to the east.
This is how the great-grandfather’s brother-soldiers probably fought
With several blows to the flank of the 9th German army, Khomenko’s troops, including the 250th rifle division, greatly slowed down the enemy’s advance. Then the 30th Army, when the future legendary tank commander D.D.Lelyushenko becomes its commander, together with the 1st Shock Army will liberate Klin, fight on the bloody Rzhevsky ledge, and in 1943 it will become the 10th Guards – already under command Lieutenant General V. Ya. Kolpakchi.
As part of the 29th Army, the division participated in the liberation of Kalinin (Tver), fought for Rzhev and Vyazma, and before victory managed to pass through the Oryol, Belgorod and Bryansk regions, through Belarus, Poland and East Prussia. The 250th Division ended the war on the banks of the Elbe, meeting with the American allies there. The Museum of the Glorified Compound is actively working in the regional city of Belgorod.
Do you remember, Voronezh?
In general, the 250th division was repeatedly transferred from one army to another, and my great-grandfather fought first in the 790th Red Banner Artillery Regiment, later awarded the Order of Alexander Nevsky. Then he was transferred to the 922nd Infantry Regiment, which also became the Red Banner, with the same order of Alexander Nevsky.
During the battles near Leningrad, Sergeant Fyodor Golotvin was seriously wounded and was being treated in one of the Leningrad hospitals. After recovering, he served in the Voronezh region, in a military camp located in the Liskinsky district.
My great-grandfather had two medals “For Courage”. Rare case. They can be clearly seen in his only front-line photograph. Unfortunately, due to the fact that all the stories that happened to my great-grandfather were passed along a chain (from great-grandfather to grandmother, from grandmother to dad and from dad to me), they turned out to be blurry, and only one more or less survived in my memory.
This happened during the famous Battle of Kursk in the summer of 1943. When the gun crew of my great-grandfather settled down to rest by a small river, a German tank unexpectedly drove right at them. Sergeant Fyodor Golotvin at that time was the loader of the anti-aircraft gun, and he was able to orient himself in time and with the first shot at point-blank detonate an enemy armored vehicle.
For such a heroic act on August 13, 1943, he was awarded the medal “For Courage”. I continue to believe in the family tradition, since no award documents have been found in the archives about this case. But there is an entry in the award list about the second medal “For Courage”, which has been preserved in the archives, and I was able to find it on the “People’s feat” website:
“I am rewarding… gun number 7 of the battery of senior sergeant Golotvin Fyodor Konstantinovich for showing courage and courage in the battles for the Charnovo Block patrol on 28.7.44. During the shelling of the firing position, the shells exploded near the guns, but Comrade. Golotvin did not leave his post, but continued to work, quickly and accurately fed shells, as a result of which the gun fired continuously at the enemy, which helped to repel the enemy’s attack. “
This was not at all the last award of the great-grandfather. 40 years after the Victory, he was awarded the Order of the Patriotic War, II degree. After the end of the war and serving in the army, my great-grandfather was demobilized in 1946 and, by order of the military registration and enlistment office of the Voronezh region, began very important and responsible work.
He became the head of the echelon for organizing the recruitment of people for the Komsomol construction sites in Komsomolsk-on-Amur, Magnitogorsk, Bratsk, Sakhalin and the Urals. Great-grandfather worked near the well-known throughout the country sanatorium named after A.D. Tsyurupa. I learned about this man not so long ago that he was the first Soviet People’s Commissar of Food and the organizer of food detachments that saved entire cities and provinces from starvation.
It was there that my great-grandfather met my great-grandmother, who at that time was an accountant in a sanatorium. And one of the greatest merits of my great-grandfather, in my opinion, was that after he went through the whole war, he was able to raise and raise four children and give them all an education.