The autumn-winter period is the peak in terms of coverage and incidence of acute intestinal infections
Experts emphasize that this seasonal phenomenon is typical for both autumn and spring and is associated with the activation of noro- and rotaviruses.
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Public places, especially enclosed spaces, become the most “contagious” at this time. In addition, viruses pose a great threat to children and adolescents. In them, noro- and rotavirus are acutely manifested and are accompanied by all the characteristic signs: vomiting, diarrhea, high fever, weakness, chills. In adults, there is often an asymptomatic course of the disease.
That is why kindergartens and schools are the first to be hit by seasonal viral infections. By the end of November all over the country fixed mass quarantine of educational institutions. Children from Yekaterinburg and the Penza region went on a forced “vacation”, classes were suspended in Rostov-on-Don. A large number of schools were closed in Yamal, in the Amur region and Chuvashia, and in the Kuban more than fifty children were simultaneously hospitalized. The epidemic spread across the Ulyanovsk, Ivanovsk, Tyumen and Saratov regions.
The spread of acute viral infections, like colds, is becoming the most common cause of quarantines. “More than 20% of cases of ARVI and influenza is an indicator according to which the head of an educational organization must suspend the educational process, or if 20% has exceeded the incidence rate, a group is closed in a separate group for seven days, and if there are more than 20% of cases in the garden, he will be obliged to close the entire kindergarten already “, – noted expert of the department for the organization of preschool education, work with the population and educational institutions of the MCU “UDOU” of the Tyumen region Lyudmila Grinovskaya.
At a recent meeting of the Interdepartmental Sanitary and Anti-Epidemic Commission under the Administration of Khanty-Mansiysk discussed an increase in the incidence of acute intestinal infections. Of the total number of infected, 22% are in children 3-6 years old and 4% in adolescents. At the same time, specialists from the regional Rospotrebnadzor emphasized that the situation is typical for this period.
It should be noted that, despite the seasonally high morbidity, specialists from regional departments conduct epidemiological investigations. This is necessary, among other things, to exclude the possibility of infection through food or water. So, Lyudmila Kulikova, the chief state sanitary doctor of the Zarechny Penza region, where 53 students were injured at once, reported that the results of all samples of food from the food unit and water are satisfactory. Most often, noro- and rotavirus infections are confused with food poisoning. The cause is a similar symptomatology, but experts emphasize that the treatment in both cases is different. In order to avoid complications, you must first consult a doctor. In general, in the Penza region fixed unstable situation for acute intestinal infections. Last week, 193 cases of the disease were registered, and a week earlier – 198. The total is almost 15 per 100,000 population, which is 17.7% higher than the average long-term level.
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Considering the epidemiological rise of viral infections, mass preventive disinfection has begun in educational institutions of the country. In addition, experts explain that the majority of AEI, in particular noro- and rotaviruses, are transmitted mainly through the contact-household route, therefore, it is necessary not only to strengthen control over the observance of sanitary and epidemiological requirements in schools and kindergartens, but also to increase citizens’ care for personal hygiene. … Doctors remind that another name for most OCI is unwashed hand disease.