Self-propelled anti-aircraft artillery complex 2S38 “Derivation-Air Defense”
Photo: RIA Novosti © Mikhail Voskresensky RIA Novosti © Mikhail Voskresensky
The newest Russian artillery complex “Derivation-Air Defense” will be equipped with multifunctional, sub-caliber armor-piercing and guided projectiles. This was announced by the manufacturer of the complex “Uralvagonzavod” (UVZ, part of the state corporation “Rostec”).
The 1K150 Derivation-Air Defense Anti-Aircraft Artillery Complex (ZAK), along with the previously adopted ammunition, will receive new rounds with multifunctional, armor-piercing sub-caliber and guided projectiles. Today, tests of these shots are underway, ”the TASS company reports.
Earlier in 2020, NPK Uralvagonzavod noted that projectiles with controlled detonation, which are being developed for Derivation-Air Defense, will be able to create a cloud of fragments at the desired meeting point of an air target or over ground targets.
“The multipurpose shot developed in the Derivation-PVO ROC includes an electronic remote-contact fuse. The detonation time is automatically programmed by the fire control system during firing, which allows the formation of a cloud of debris at the point of meeting with an air target or over ground targets. This significantly increases the effectiveness of the complex in comparison with the firing of existing rounds, “- noted in UVZ.
“At the forefront of hostilities”
Recall that the project of the “Derivation-Air Defense” complex was presented to the public at the international military-technical forum “Army-2017” – still in the form of a model.
A prototype of the 2S38 combat vehicle from the complex was exhibited at Army-2018, and in June 2020 it already took part in the Victory Parade on Red Square.
In August last year, the general director of Uralvagonzavod, Alexander Potapov, announced that the complex would begin to enter the Russian Armed Forces from 2022.
“Derivation-Air Defense” is designed to destroy attack aircraft and other low-flying aircraft, helicopters, UAVs, aviation ammunition, cruise missiles and multiple launch rocket systems (MLRS) shells. If necessary, the complex is also capable of firing at lightly armored ground vehicles and surface targets.
The complex includes a 2S38 combat vehicle based on the BMP-3, a 9T260 transport and loading vehicle on the Ural-4320-30 chassis, a vehicle on the Ural-4320-30 chassis and a repair and maintenance vehicle on the Ural-4320-1812-31 “.
The main weapon of the 2S38 combat vehicle is a remotely controlled uninhabited combat module AU-220M (“Baikal”). It is equipped with a 57 mm high ballistic automatic cannon and a 7.62 mm 6P7K machine gun paired with it. Module weight – 3650 kg.
The “Derivation” cannon can fire at a speed of 120 rounds per minute with an initial projectile speed of 1,000 m / s.
Due to the circular rotation of 360 degrees along the horizon, the module is capable of firing in any direction. The maximum horizontal range of target destruction is 14.5 km, the vertical range is 7.5 km. Cannon ammunition – 200 rounds.
It can be equipped with high-explosive fragmentation ammunition 53-UOR-281U, armor-piercing tracer 53-UBR-281U and guided missiles with remote detonation for the most effective fight against air targets.
Thanks to the optical-electronic guidance and reconnaissance system, the advanced fire control system “Derivation-Air Defense” does not need to install a radar station, which increases its stealth. With the help of television and thermal imaging channels, the combat vehicle is able to effectively find targets in any conditions, while remaining invisible to the enemy.
As military expert Alexei Leonkov noted in the RT commentary, the AU220M “Baikal” module allows the “Derivation-Air Defense” complex to conduct effective firing in automatic mode and hit all types of air targets.
The “Derivation-Air Defense” anti-aircraft artillery complex refers to military air defense. This means that he is present directly at the forefront of hostilities, accompanies military columns of automobile or armored vehicles and covers aviation, “Leonkov explained.
Note that the Russian defense industry is actively improving 57 mm ammunition, which will be used by the Derivation-Air Defense complex. So, in 2019, the Managing Director of JSC “KB Precision Engineering. A.E. Nudelman “Valery Makeev announced the development of” a promising 57-mm guided artillery shell that has no analogues in the world. “
In scientific materials published on the KB website, it is noted that such a projectile will be an anti-aircraft missile, which is built according to the scheme of a guided artillery projectile, stored in an ammunition rack, launched from a rifled gun barrel and guided by a laser beam, which allows it to hit targets in a wide range ranges. Such a projectile will be fired at a high initial velocity and will almost immediately have the lateral accelerations necessary for guidance.
© Vitaly V. Kuzmin
“Creation of a 57 mm highly effective artillery complex on an armored cross-country chassis with protected means of detection, guidance and destruction with mixed ammunition (guided and unguided ammunition), capable of fighting air targets at extremely short ranges, which can defend itself on the battlefield from infantry fighting vehicles and BTR, opens up new opportunities “, – noted in the” KB of Precision Engineering. A.E. Nudelman “
Alexey Leonkov, in an interview with RT, explained that sub-caliber projectiles will mainly be used against armored vehicles, and a guided projectile will detonate at a given point and hit air targets.
“The controllability of the projectile translates it into the category of” smart ammunition “, which allows you to set barrage fire at any height and fight various types of aircraft that fall into the firing zone,” Leonkov said.
According to him, new types of universal, sub-caliber and guided missiles will significantly increase the effectiveness of the Derivation-Air Defense complex, which, in turn, will significantly enhance the air defense capabilities of the Russian Armed Forces.
Military expert Yuri Knutov agreed with this assessment of the latest developments in the defense industry of the Russian Federation.
“Armor-piercing sub-caliber projectiles are designed to engage armored targets, which in the modern theater of operations are becoming more and more and the armor is getting thicker every year. Guided missiles are capable of creating a field of fragments at a given point, which gives a high probability of hitting air targets, including drones and cruise missiles. This is a promising and interesting development that will enhance the air defense capabilities of units of the Russian Armed Forces, “he said in an interview with RT.
Author: Alexander Karpov, Alena Medvedeva