Soviet newspapers about the final stage of the Soviet-Finnish war

Appearance of a filing with the numbers of the newspaper “Pravda” for 1940. Alas, more and more often you are faced with the fact that old paper materials are becoming unusable.

“Swear and testify perjury, but do not divulge secrets.”
One of the commandments of the Albigensians

History in documents. We ended the material “The newspaper” Pravda “on the Soviet-Finnish war of 1939-1940” with an excerpt from the newspaper “Pravda”, which wrote: “The White Finns, – writes the Swedish newspaper” Nu dag “…” Once again, we note that the greatest enemies of the USSR inside the country were his own journalists, who officially worked for a salary. But this is so, for a warm-up. And then we will talk about the fact that the newspaper “Pravda” in 1939, even outwardly for some reason, was very different from the newspaper of 1940. Yes, the praises addressed to Comrade Stalin have survived, but they have become much less numerous. There is only one large portraits of him, next to Lenin, and that one is in the graphics, but there are many photographs of Marshal Timoshenko. There is also much less photographic material than in 1939, even less than in our Penza newspaper Stalin’s banner. The cartoons have disappeared, although many hand-drawn maps have appeared with the course of hostilities on the Western Front. There were more articles on the military theme, but the word “saboteur” disappeared from the pages altogether. Either they were all caught, or those that remained, changed their minds and stopped harming.

Both Pravda and Stalin’s banner regularly published materials that the workers of various Scandinavian countries do not want to help … the “Finnish White Guards.” It would be very interesting to pick up the newspapers mentioned here and check. But … personally, I do not have such an opportunity. And what is interesting, how did the Danish worker know that the war was being waged at the behest of the British imperialists? Unfortunately, in the Penza State Archives, the issues of the newspaper Pravda for 1940 have survived only since April, and even then in a very poor condition. But fortunately, then the regional newspapers reprinted all the main news from Pravda word for word, so that the reports from the front and the main materials on the conflict between the USSR and Finland are identical to the “Pravdist” materials.

Now, if … then, of course!

It is interesting that at that time such “living” materials began to appear in the Penza newspaper “Stalin’s banner”. But in “Pravda” there was nothing of the kind, and after all, people probably wanted stories about the exploits and glorious victories of the soldiers and commanders of the Red Army.

Messages from the front were usually rather sparse.

The atrocities of the White Finnish authorities against their own citizens were covered in more detail

Another “live” story about the hostilities against Finland

A clear success has been outlined!

In this summary, the most revealing is the corner on the right. The employees of the archive neatly glued hundreds of sheets of old newspapers with transparent paper, so that it became possible to work with them. But it is simply impossible to digitize all local newspapers today.

The war was drawing to a close

And so our troops took Vyborg!

The announcement of the signing of the peace treaty in the “Stalin’s banner” was published on March 14

And here is how the disengagement of troops should have been carried out

And then all the inhabitants of the most different countries began to joyfully express their satisfaction with the end of the war. And many Swedes never left the radios tuned to the Moscow wave.

Let’s go constructive dialogue!

And, of course, the work was not done without the workers of the plywood factory from Nizhny Lomov. Here is their approval of the policy of the Lenin-Stalin party and the obligation to fulfill the plan ahead of schedule. “I will work even harder!” – said the Boxer and agreed with the Rooster to wake him up an hour earlier (J. Orwell. Animal Farm)

Map of territorial acquisitions of the USSR from the newspaper “Pravda”

Soviet newspapers about the final stage of the Soviet-Finnish war

The same card in color

In the Karelo-Finnish SSR, the nomination of candidates began …

Pravda told about the course of the election campaign in the Karelo-Finnish SSR and the candidates nominated

Trade agreement

Well, now let’s see the photos …

Caricature in “Stalin’s banner”

Another “approval”

But such photos in Pravda could be published much more often. They would look good on both sides of the border and instill confidence in friends and … fear in enemies!

Marshal Tymoshenko personally supervises the firing of grenade launchers

And talks to the machine gunner …

And with the sniper Khanin

In 1939, in Pravda there were most often three: Voroshilov, Budyonny, Stalin. In 1940, Budyonny disappeared from photographs and was replaced by Molotov.

Stalin and Molotov confer with the wives of the commanding officers. True, they look in different directions

[center]

Photos of Soviet military designers who became heroes of Socialist Labor appeared in the newspaper
What is especially surprising when viewing two newspapers at once: local and central? Very scant coverage of events at the front. Much more attention is paid to the protesting workers of England and Denmark than to our soldiers and commanders who bore the burden of this war on their shoulders. It is clear that there was no need to write about frozen people and abandoned equipment, but you can express everything in words. And were there really few examples of courage and heroism then? After all, the portraits of those awarded with orders and the title of Hero “Pravda” posted regularly. Well, why not tell about them, take an interview?

Again, no one demanded to write the truth in it, it was necessary to write “as it should”, and then even the interviewee himself would understand it correctly. But such a powerful educational moment at that time was completely missed. After reading, there is a feeling of some kind of dissatisfaction, understatement, and this simply should not be in working with the masses.

And this is not a discovery of today and not a modern afterthought. Even Lenin wrote about this in his work “What is to be done”, but the journalists and those who directed them at that time simply could not help but read and take notes. But somewhere, something, apparently, did not grow together.

To be continued…

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