Portrait of I. V. Stalin. Artist B. Karpov
The Red Emperor. After the death of Joseph Stalin, several ambitious projects were curtailed that could turn the USSR-Russia into an advanced civilization that overtook the whole world for many generations. Projects that could create a society of the “golden age” and forever bury predatory Western capitalism, a consumer and extermination society that kills man and nature, as well as bring great economic benefits to the country, contribute to its spatial development, development of the outskirts and strengthening of security.
The death of the “golden age” society
Stalin created a civilization and a society of the future, a society of the “golden age” (“What kind of society Stalin created”). A society of knowledge, service and creation. At the center of this society was the creator, creator, teacher, designer and engineer. It was a civilization based on social justice and ethics of conscience (“matrix code” of Russian civilization, the basis of “Russianness”). An alternative civilization to the predatory Western world, parasitic capitalism, a society of consumption and self-destruction (the “golden calf” society).
Soviet (Russian) civilization was directed towards the future, towards the stars. She was torn to the “beautiful far away”. Stalin created a national, healthy elite of the best representatives of the people: heroes of war and labor, labor aristocracy, scientific and technical intelligentsia, Stalin’s falcon pilots, military officers and generals, professors and teachers, doctors and engineers, scientists and designers. Hence, such a huge attention to the development of science, technology, education, culture and art. The creation of a whole system of palaces of science, houses of creativity, art and music schools, stadiums and sports clubs, etc. The Soviet leader was not afraid of smart and educated people. On the contrary, under Stalin, the children of peasants and workers became marshals and generals, professors and doctors, pilots and captains, researchers of the atom, the World Ocean, space. Any person, regardless of origin, wealth, place of residence, could fully reveal their creative, intellectual and physical potential.
Hence such a leap from the USSR even after the departure of the great leader. Had Stalin lived another generation, either he or his successors would have continued his course, would not have been afraid of the creative impulse and intellectual development of the people, and this process would have become irreversible. A large class of working people would come to power (hence the desire of the leader to limit the power of the party, to transfer more power to the Soviets), strengthened and gaining strength, nominated from its midst both new excellent managers and philosophers-priests who understand the laws of the universe and are able to preserve spiritual health people.
The West saw all this and was terribly afraid of the Soviet project, which could become dominant on the planet. They closely followed every step of Moscow. To destroy the Soviet project and the Russian civilization of the future, Hitler was nourished and armed, and almost all of Europe was given to him. The Nazis were supposed to destroy the first shoots of the Russian “golden age”. But the Russians could not be overwhelmed by force. The Union won a terrible war and became even stronger, tempered in fire and blood.
Then the masters of the West relied on the remnants of the “fifth column”, the hidden Trotskyist and anti-Stalinist Khrushchev. The Red Emperor was able to eliminate and brought to power the destroyer Khrushchev. And he perfectly coped with his role, arranged de-Stalinization and “perestroika-1”. Khrushchev found support in the party nomenclature, which did not want to give up power and warm places, to go along the path of transferring control to the people and the cosmopolitan, pro-Western intelligentsia. He could not complete the work he had begun. The Soviet elite was not yet completely affected by decay, did not want collapse, and Khrushchev was rendered harmless. However, she did not return to the Stalinist course either. This became the foundation of the civilizational and state catastrophe of 1985-1993. Now the West could calmly wait for the last representatives of the Stalinist guard to leave, and complete degenerates would come to power, who would destroy and sell Soviet civilization and the Soviet (Russian) people.
Destruction of the ocean-going fleet
Under the red emperor, the “imperial” armed forces of the USSR-Russia were recreated, the best traditions of the empire were restored. The best army in the world was created and hardened in battles, defeating Hitler’s “European Union” and by its existence stopped a new (third) world war, which the masters of London and Washington planned to unleash.
To create a full-fledged Armed Forces, Stalin planned to create a large, ocean-going fleet. Even the Russian Tsar Peter the Great noted: “The sovereigns of the navy only have one hand, but those who have a navy have both!” Such a fleet was needed by the Soviet Union to resist the aggressive designs of the leaders of the Western world – Great Britain and the United States, which were great maritime powers. Considering the increased power of Soviet industry, advances in science and technology, and successes in the development of the USSR’s economy, this was a completely feasible plan. They began to build such a fleet even before the Great Patriotic War – the “Ten-Year Plan for the Construction of Navy Ships” (1938-1947). The People’s Commissar of the Navy Nikolai Kuznetsov was solving this problem.
It is generally accepted that under Stalin the role of aircraft carriers in modern warfare was underestimated, but this is not the case. In the 30s in the USSR there were several projects for the construction of aircraft-carrying ships. The presence of such ships in the fleet was considered necessary for the formation of balanced formations. The need for air cover for ships at sea was also not in doubt. The aircraft carriers were to become part of the Pacific and Northern fleets. Before World War II, a project was prepared for a small aircraft carrier (air group – 30 aircraft). However, the war suspended these plans, including the construction of aircraft carriers. During the war, it was necessary to focus on the small fleet – destroyers, submarines, submarine hunters, minesweepers, torpedo boats, armored boats, etc. This was facilitated by the theater of military operations – the closed Black and Baltic seas, large rivers of Europe.
Soon after the end of the Great War and the success in the restoration of the national economy of the country, they returned to these plans. Kuznetsov presented to Stalin the “Ten-Year Program of Military Shipbuilding for 1946-1955”. The admiral was a staunch supporter of aircraft carriers. In 1944-1945. a commission led by Vice Admiral Chernyshev studied the experience of the war, including the use of aircraft carriers. The People’s Commissar of the Navy Kuznetsov proposed to build six large and small aircraft carriers. However, Stalin reduced the number of aircraft carriers to two small ones for the Northern Fleet. It is believed that the Soviet leader underestimated his role in the war in the naval theater. This is not entirely true. The construction of a fleet is a very complicated issue in terms of organization, financial and material costs, associated with planning for a long time. Stalin was a thorough man and did not make decisions without first clarifying all the circumstances related to the issue. The command of the Soviet fleet at that time did not have a unanimous view of aircraft carriers. Shipbuilding was delayed in development for 5-10 years, and after the war aircraft carriers underwent a number of changes. Their displacement increased, artillery and electronic weapons were strengthened, and jet deck aircraft appeared. Therefore, in order to build new aircraft-carrying ships, it was necessary to eliminate the lag in shipbuilding. There was no specialized design organization for the design of aircraft carriers. Thus, the head of the Red Empire made a decision based on the real capabilities of industry and the fleet.
Since 1953, the development of a pre-sketch project of a light aircraft carrier with an air group of 40 aircraft (project 85) has been underway. In total, it was planned to build 9 such ships. However, all these plans to create a large fleet, including aircraft carriers, were not destined to come true. After Khrushchev came to power, who had a negative attitude towards the development of conventional armed forces, all these plans were buried. The policy towards large ships has changed dramatically. Kuznetsov fell into disgrace in 1955. The question of building aircraft carriers was returned only under Brezhnev. They also buried projects of heavy surface ships, such as heavy cruisers of the Stalingrad type (Project 82), a series of Project 68-bis cruisers (according to NATO classification, the Sverdlov class) was not completed, and the ships that were already under construction were written off. Kuznetsov fought for the fleet even after Stalin’s departure. So, in 1954, the commander-in-chief of the Navy initiated the development of an air defense cruiser (project 84), but he was soon hacked to death.
Khrushchev focused his efforts on creating a nuclear missile fleet. The priority was given to nuclear submarines and coast-based naval missile-carrying aircraft. Large surface ships were considered auxiliary weapons, and aircraft carriers were considered “weapons of aggression.” Khrushchev believed that the submarine fleet could solve all the problems, large surface ships were not needed at all, and aircraft carriers, in the context of the development of missile weapons, were “dead.” That is, the fleet was now developing only partially. Thus, Khrushchev for a considerable time thwarted the creation of a full-fledged ocean-going fleet of the USSR.
It is interesting that the Americans partially “supported” the development of the surface fleet of the USSR. In December 1959, the United States commissioned the first strategic missile cruiser (nuclear submarine with ballistic missiles) “George Washington”). In response, the USSR began to build large anti-submarine ships (BOD). They also began to develop and build Project 1123 Condor anti-submarine cruisers-helicopter carriers, which served as the basis for future heavy aircraft-carrying cruisers. Subsequently, the Cuban Missile Crisis showed the need for a strong ocean-going fleet, and large ships began to be massively built again.
Khrushchev’s “optimization” of the armed forces
Khrushchev “optimized” the army as well. Under Stalin, it was planned to bring the army to the states of peacetime – a reduction of 0.5 million people in three years (with the number of the armed forces in March 1953 at 5.3 million people). Under Khrushchev, by January 1, 1956, about 1 million people were laid off. In December 1956, 3.6 million posts remained in the Armed Forces. In January 1960, a decision was made (the law “On a New Significant Reduction of the Armed Forces of the USSR”) to 1.3 million soldiers and officers, that is, more than a third of the total number of the Armed Forces of the USSR. As a result, the Soviet Armed Forces were reduced by 2.5 times. It was a pogrom worse than the worst defeat in the war. Khrushchev smashed the troops without war and more effectively than any external enemy!
At the same time, experienced commanders and soldiers with unique combat experience were fired from the army. Pilots, tankmen, artillerymen, infantrymen, etc. It was a powerful blow to the combat capability of the Soviet Union (for more details, see the article on “VO” “How Khrushchev smashed the Soviet armed forces and law enforcement agencies”).
Moreover, Khrushchev planned to inflict a fatal blow on the USSR Armed Forces. In February 1963, at a visiting meeting of the Defense Council in Fili, he outlined his views on the country’s future Armed Forces. Khrushchev planned to reduce the army to 0.5 million people needed to guard ballistic missiles. The rest of the army was to become a militia (militia). In fact, Khrushchev wanted to implement the plans of the Trotskyists, who, even during the years of the Civil War, wanted to create an army of a volunteer-militia (militia) type. Khrushchev, the hidden bearer of the ideas of Trotskyism, did not understand the significance of the “imperial” army and navy for Russia. He believed that nuclear missile weapons were enough to deter the aggressor, and the regular army could be put under the knife (like the navy), the police were enough. On the other hand, Khrushchev cleaned out the Stalinist military elite, saw in it a threat to his power. The generals like Zhukov, who had great authority, could have displaced the “maize”.
At the same time, promising military programs were cut, not related to the development of nuclear missile weapons. In particular, a powerful blow was dealt to the Soviet military aviation. This enemy of the people demagogically proved that the country has good missiles, so there is no need to pay so much attention to the Air Force. Under Joseph Stalin, a lot of energy, effort, resources and time were spent on the creation of advanced aviation, various design bureaus, where excellent fighters, attack aircraft, bombers and the first strategic bombers were designed. Dozens of aircraft factories, domestic engine building, factories for the smelting of aircraft alloys, etc. were created. Under Khrushchev, aviation suffered greatly, new aircraft were taken from the military units by the hundreds and sent for scrap.
Khrushchev also dealt a powerful blow to the prestige of the army. The press covered this pogrom from the “positive side”, with a bang (later this technique was repeated under Gorbachev and Yeltsin). Reported about the “joy” of soldiers and officers about the reduction, destruction of the latest technology. Obviously, this had the most negative impact on the morale of the army and Soviet society as a whole.
To be continued…