We have the right to be proud of them
The biography of my hero is known to many. After all, he is the Hero of the Soviet Union Alexei Konstantinovich Golubkov, whose name is one of the streets of Kostroma. He is also my close relative, namely my great-uncle.
There is an article about him on Wikipedia, there were TV programs about him. And this is true. The Russian people are justly proud of the military exploits of their sons and daughters in the struggle for the freedom and independence of the Motherland. And today the soldiers of the Armed Forces, who still stand guard over its borders, are faithful to the glorious traditions of grandfathers and great-grandfathers, they sacredly honor the memory of the heroes who died for the freedom and independence of our Motherland.
How many of them have been raised throughout history by the Kostroma land – courageous, courageous, despising death! Brave Galicians and townspeople of Soligalich, residents of Kostroma and the trading settlement of Parfenyev, Kologriv, Veliky Ustyug, Makariev and the Unzhenians who lived on the banks of the Unzha, which carries its waters to the great Volga!
In the distant times of the formation of the Russian state, the Kostroma residents bravely fought more than once with foreign aliens. In the Time of Troubles, when gangs and detachments of the Polish gentry were scouring the Russian expanses, Ivan Susanin, a simple Molvitin peasant, a great patriot of the Russian land, immortalized for centuries.
And later the Kostroma land did not become scarce with heroes. Lieutenant General Nikolai Martemyanovich Sipyagin (1785-1828) fought heroically in battles with the Napoleonic hordes. Naval officer Gabriel Nevelskoy on the crumb ship “Experience” boldly entered into battle with the 50-gun British frigate “Salset”.
All riddled with cannonballs, “Experience” refused to lower its flag and tried to lure the English ship to the underwater rocks. Only when the ship sank did the British sailors pick up the wounded crew members of the brave Experience from the sea.
And how many ordinary, unknown Kostroma soldiers were among the heroes of Sevastopol and Balaklava, Plevna and Shipka, Port Arthur and Tsushima! Thousands of Kostroma residents fought bravely on the fronts of the civil war. The people will never forget the exploits of Alexander Yazykov, Alexander Gussakovsky, Boris Krutitsky.
The Kostroma warriors showed unparalleled courage and courage during the Great Patriotic War against the fascist invaders. More than 140 of them were awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union. And the memory of them is immortal. Monuments are installed on the graves of the heroes, villages, streets and squares are named after them, many schools bear their names.
I want to tell you about one of them, my great-uncle.
They were Golubkov and Nikolaev
Military unit. Barracks. Above a neatly tucked-in soldier’s bed is a portrait of a sergeant. But on the chest there is neither the Golden Star, nor the Order of Lenin – after all, he was awarded them posthumously.
Often, near the modest portrait, you can see young soldiers who arrived at the garrison. The unit commanders talk with young soldiers, introduce the newcomers in detail to the biography, combat deeds and the immortal feat of their fellow soldier, Hero of the Soviet Union Alexei Konstantinovich Golubkov.
Alexei Konstantinovich is often remembered in his native Kostroma land. He was born in 1912 in the village of Mikhailovskoye, Sudislavsky district. At first he worked on a collective farm, then moved to the regional center, got a job at the Rabochy Metallist plant. Alexey was a member of the Komsomol, a leader in production. He worked as an electric welder, gas cutter, then moved to the iron foundry.
In 1937, Alexei got married, and his wife Anna gave her husband two daughters. When the war began, he did not leave the shop in two shifts. He was reported on the radio more than once, he was noted in orders. But in August 1942, Alexey Konstantinovich went to the front.
After a short training, Private Golubkov fought the enemy for almost two years, fortunately, even without serious wounds. He received the rank of sergeant, medals “For Courage” and “For Military Merit” and several commendations from the command.
When 1944 was already passing, the year of the triumphant victories of the Soviet Army on all fronts of the Great Patriotic War, the unit in which Sergeant Alexei Golubkov fought was tasked with capturing Sventsians (now they are Lithuanian Shvenchens).
Having defeated the enemy in Belarus, the Soviet units quickly approached the borders of Lithuania, and this was an important stronghold of the Germans. Taking Sventsiany, it was possible to cut off the escape routes of the enemy group. On July 6, Soviet soldiers approached Sventsyany.
However, the enemy, conducting intensive artillery fire, did not give them the opportunity to take possession of the town. The Nazis managed to destroy our observation post and disrupt the communication of the attackers and control of return fire. The commander of the communications section of the artillery battalion, Sergeant Alexei Golubkov, volunteered to restore communication.
This is how they established communication in the Great Patriotic War.
He was under continuous enemy fire for an hour and a half, and was lightly wounded three times. Only when communication was restored and the command of the battalion was again able to control artillery fire, the sergeant considered the task completed. Enemy firing points were suppressed, the attackers broke into Sventsiany.
But in the hands of the Nazis remained a church, surrounded by a stone fence. As soon as our soldiers rose to storm the stone church, the Germans met them with twelve machine gun fire. The attacks were choking, the warriors pressed to the ground. In one of such difficult minutes, Sergeant Golubkov crawled to the officer Zhigulin, who was leading the assault.
– Comrade Captain! And what if one or two soldiers crawl over those bushes, – Golubkov showed with his hand, – and go out to the church, and then quietly sneak behind the fence and throw machine guns with grenades. The attack will be unexpected, it will definitely cause panic. Meanwhile, the infantry will rise from the front.
The officer listened attentively to the sergeant, looked at him warmly and asked:
– You have proposed a good and bold plan, comrade sergeant, but who will carry it out?
– I … And I will also take corporal Nikolaev with me.
Having received permission from the commander, Golubkov and Nikolaev, under cover of artillery fire, quickly crawled to the temple fence and disappeared behind it. Captain Zhigulin and the soldiers, ready for the assault, froze in anticipation.
Hearts thumped, the seconds dragged on forever.
But behind the fence near the machine-gun embrasures, explosions of grenades were heard, the minute silence was split by the crackle of machine-gun fires. It was Golubkov and Nikolayev who opened merciless, destructive fire on the German machine gunners from the rear. The machine guns died out. This was what the Soviet soldiers were waiting for.
– Hurrah! – shouted, getting up, the commander.
And the chains of fighters, inspired by the feat of Golubkov and Nikolaev, rushed to storm the church, which had turned into a real fortress. Penetrating the fence was now easy. The silenced machine guns had 18 killed Germans lying around.
And Golubkov, wounded, fired one round after another. When Soviet soldiers burst into the fence, Golubkov shouted “Hurray!” rushed after the retreating. Even the enemy self-propelled gun, twisting around the corner, could not save the situation.
But the explosion of one of the shells fired by the self-propelled gun struck those running ahead. And in the church, where Sergeant Alexey Golubkov dropped by, a grenade exploded. From the received wounds, he soon died right there, on the spot.
We remember … and we will never forget
On March 24, 1945, by the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Alexei Konstantinovich Golubkov was posthumously awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.
… The obelisk with the Red Army star in the village of Lyntupy, Postavy district, Vitebsk region (pictured) always has fresh flowers. Here on the Belarusian land the hero-Kostroma is buried. Young pathfinders of Vilnius Secondary School No. 27 have placed a photo of the Hero in a place of honor in the album “Liberators of Lithuania – Heroes of the Soviet Union”. They keep in touch with his family in Kostroma.
And in sultry Central Asia, the memory of the hero is sacredly honored by the soldiers of the unit where Alexei Golubkov served. Every day at the evening calibration, the right-flank soldier solemnly pronounces:
– Hero of the Soviet Union Sergeant Golubkov died a heroic death in the battle for the freedom and independence of our Motherland.
The warrior-hero, as if alive, continues to remain in the fighting ranks of his comrades. He is forever in the same ranks with them. I am pleased that one of the streets of our city is named after my relative, the hero Alexei Konstantinovich Golubkov. I must try to proudly carry this name throughout my life.