Father and his sister are blockades of Leningrad. At the beginning of the blockade, my father was 4 years old. I take off my cap to the residents of the city who starved to death, but did not surrender the city. 900 days of siege … Civilian losses: 16,747 were killed during shelling and bombing, 632,253 died of hunger … But the city did not surrender. Eternal memory to the heroes!
My paternal grandfather fought in the artillery, received the Order of the Red Star on the Nevsky Patch, was wounded, reached Bucharest, returned alive. War losses in the besieged city: 332,059 killed. 24,324 non-combat losses, 111,142 – missing. My grandfather also recalled that Romanians are similar to gypsies. I didn’t say anything else. Only one episode – when, near Krasnoe Selo, one shell was fired at a gun with an order – at the tank with direct fire, and – to retreat, a Jew from his crew, wounded by a fragment of a tank shell, asked to shoot, just not to throw it to the Germans … They carried it out.
I remember my maternal grandfather – junior lieutenant S.P.Kasyanenko, assistant chief of staff of 184 Giaginsky kav. a regiment that fell near the village of Osadche in the Dnepropetrovsk region on March 3, 1942. The grandfather and his fellow soldiers are still officially listed as missing, although, largely thanks to the granddaughter of the regiment commissar A. Potryasaev (a deep bow to her), we, relatives, became aware of the circumstances of the death of the regiment and a number of other units of the 64th kav. division in early March 1942.
Grandfather lived in the Kuban and was drafted into the ranks of the Red Army in the fall of 1941. As a graduate of a technical school, he received a junior officer rank and was assigned to the 184th cavalry regiment, recruited from among the Adyg (Circassian) volunteers of the village of Giaginskaya, the regiment later received the battle banner and the name Giaginsky.
“In October 1941, the Giaginsky Regiment as part of Lieutenant General FN Remizov’s 56th Army received the task of taking up defenses along the southern bank of the Don River, covering the Bagaevskaya-Don section, and preventing enemy tanks and motorized infantry from entering the crossings. At the same time, the regiment was tasked with preparing all crossings for an explosion and being ready to destroy them. The frost reached 10-12 degrees. But, despite all the difficulties, the soldiers worked hard and persistently, improving their defenses and preparing to repel enemy attacks. The fascist command trumpeted to the whole world “about a new great victory”, not assuming that literally a week later Klest’s tank army, this “invincible” army, swept by a devastating tornado across the countries of Europe, Ukraine, would undergo a crushing defeat, losing 30 thousand killed and wounded , over 275 tanks, 350 guns and mortars, 80 aircraft, 4435 vehicles “,
– wrote the giaginskaya regional newspaper “Krasnoe znamya” in 2012.
The regiment took part in the battles of the first liberation of Rostov-on-Don from the Nazis in November 1941, and the Borvenkovo-Lozovskaya offensive operation of the Red Army in January 1942. Yes, there were some at the beginning of the war …
In late February – early March 1942, the regiment, along with the 186th Kurgan cavalry. The regiment took up defensive positions near the village of Osadchee, in front of mechanized units of Army Group “South” rushing to the Caucasus. And the command rightly considered an attack the best defense.
Eight times our cavalrymen took the village, knocking the fascists out of it. Seven times they were thrown back by counterattacks by Wehrmacht tanks under the cover of the air-dominated Luftwaffe aviation. Then the cavalry units were surrounded in the village and destroyed. Our warriors were buried by local residents, already under the Germans.
I draw the attention of fans of the theory about “cowardly Caucasians surrendering to the Nazis”: the regiment was destroyed, before that, eight times in horse ranks, knocking out the Nazis from the village – tanks and motorized infantry. And nobody turned back. And nobody gave up. The local residents buried the dead on the outskirts of the village in a mass grave, under the leadership of the occupation authorities, who feared epidemics. The main part of the cavalry is still listed as missing – it was possible to accurately establish less than a hundred names in the burial. I draw the attention of my Caucasian friends to this: in the same grave there are many of your fellow countrymen who honestly fulfilled their duty to the Motherland.
750 fighters of the regiment were lost in those battles, as a result of which the regiment and division were disbanded due to incurred irreparable losses, the personnel were sent to replenish other units.
To admit, being a career officer, a professional military man, I still cannot fully understand: how do you have to love your homeland in order to rush on horseback onto tanks … Well, of course – a horse passes the line of fire faster than an infantryman … You can throw him from a more aiming distance … But the cavalryman is a much larger target, and our grandfathers could not help but understand this …
We will be worthy of the memory of the fallen!