Treatment and control of asthma. Useful Tips

Colds and flu are considered extremely common triggers of asthma.

If you or your child has asthma, you can control symptoms and prevent asthma attacks by:

• * need to monitor your symptoms and air flow (peak expiratory flow);
• * need to take medications;
• * Triggers that cause asthma should be avoided or controlled.

It is important to work with your doctor to develop a personalized asthma treatment plan to help you achieve good asthma control and manage asthma outbreaks as soon as they occur. Asthma action plans can help you determine if your asthma is getting worse and tell you what to do about it.

Your plan should be easily accessible – you can enter it into your phone or print multiple copies. If your child has asthma, you should give a copy of the plan to teachers and educators at school, kindergarten, etc.

Asthma monitoring

Monitoring your symptoms and airflow helps you recognize when your asthma is well controlled and when not. You should be aware of the symptoms and signs of a flare-up of asthma, such as the need for more frequent use of medication to help you get rid of it. Regular monitoring of lung function by measuring your peak expiratory flow rate can also help identify changes in your asthma or flare-ups at an early stage.

If your peak flow rates are below normal or your symptoms are worse, you should check your asthma plan. You may need to adjust your medications and see a doctor.


Asthma medications are drugs that reduce and prevent disease. Most asthma medications are administered by inhalation, although some are available in pill form. There are also some medications – used in certain circumstances, such as treating asthma attacks – that are given by injection.

Bronchodilators are medicines that help open the airways. Unless otherwise recommended by your doctor, it is advisable to use medication only when needed to relieve asthma symptoms.

Preventive medications work by reducing airway inflammation, helping to reduce the likelihood and severity of asthma outbreaks. Unlike medication to relieve symptoms, you must take the prophylaxis every day as prescribed by your doctor to control your asthma.

Some asthma products contain a combination of asthma prophylaxis and an asthma control agent.

Controlling and preventing asthma triggers

Remember, different people have different triggers, so knowing what is causing your asthma is an important first step. By avoiding your trigger, you can reduce asthma flare-ups.

It is important for people with asthma to avoid tobacco smoke. Avoid any medications, foods, and dietary supplements that are triggers, and try to avoid allergens as much as possible. Allergy testing and immunotherapy treatment may be recommended for some people.

Talk to your doctor if there are steps you can take to deal with this situation.

The common cold and flu are considered extremely common triggers for asthma. While all infections cannot be avoided, getting immunized each year significantly lowers your chances of getting the flu. The best time for vaccinations is autumn.

The flu vaccine is recommended for all people over 6 months old who want to avoid the flu and its complications. Vaccinations are highly recommended for people with severe asthma.

Frequent hand washing with soap and water can also help stop the spread of colds and flu, and can also help keep you from getting sick.

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