On June 24, 1945, exactly 75 years ago, the legendary Victory Parade took place in Moscow. More than 30 thousand soldiers took part in the solemn event, behind each back there were stories of exploits, victories and heavy losses. The Museum of the Defense of Moscow contains many photographs and objects associated with the names of the heroes who walked along the cobblestones of Red Square in June 1945.
About some of the participants in the Victory Parade, their combat path and exploits – in the material of Mosgortur.
Afanasy Pavlantievich Beloborodov
Afanasy Pavlantievich Beloborodov received his baptism of fire long before the Germans came to Soviet soil. Back in 1919, when he was 16 years old, as part of a partisan detachment, he fought against the Kolchakites, and four years later he joined the Red Army.
Afanasy Pavlantievich met the Great Patriotic War in the Far East with the rank of lieutenant colonel. In the first months of the war, he supervised the training of soldiers and officers, and in October 1941, Beloborodov and his soldiers went to defend Moscow, which was closely approached by the German invaders.
Lieutenant Colonel Beloborodov and his 78th Infantry Division took their first battle of the Great Patriotic War on November 4, 1941 in the Volokolamsk direction. Afanasy Pavlentievich’s soldiers fought with great courage and fortitude. For this, their division was awarded a great honor: three weeks after that battle, on November 27, 1941, by order of Stalin, it was transformed into the 9th Guards Rifle Division.
The successes of Afanasy Pavlantievich did not go unnoticed: after the division he was entrusted to command the corps, and then the army. Having liberated their native land, Beloborodov and his soldiers went west, destroying the Nazis on the territory of other states. Afanasy Pavlantievich, who was promoted to Colonel General in early May, celebrated Victory Day near Danzig (the modern name is Gdansk), accepting the surrender of German soldiers.
For Afanasy Pavlantievich, the Victory Parade on June 24, 1945 did not end the war. Just a few days later, he traveled to the Far East, where Hitler’s allies refused to surrender. About two months later, a victory over the Japanese troops was won – for this Beloborodov was awarded the Order of Suvorov, 1st degree.
Petr Pavlovich Bondarenko
Reliable Soviet military equipment played an important role in the victory over the Nazis in the Great Patriotic War. One of those who supplied the army with machines and supervised their repair was Pyotr Pavlovich Bondarenko.
In November 1941, when the Germans came close to the capital of the USSR, a meeting of the commanders of the auto battalions was held, which was also attended by Pyotr Pavlovich. It was decided to create a “battalion of fire on wheels”. This unit included 56 GAZ-AA vehicles, each with several weapons. The soldiers of this battalion brought a lot of trouble to the Nazis, and during the Soviet counteroffensive, they were among the first to enter Maloyaroslavets, occupied by the enemy.
For his services to the Motherland, Pyotr Pavlovich received the Order of the Red Star. The award sheet read:
“During the hostilities, I did a great job of repairing vehicles, showing initiative and resourcefulness in this. Thanks to his personal initiative and management, a large car repair base was created, with the help of which a large number of vehicles were repaired to support the defense units. Significant assistance was rendered to industrial enterprises in the city of Moscow in evacuating the most valuable equipment inland. Much work has been done to transfer troops and military supplies for the units of the active army. All this work has been done under the direct supervision of Comrade Bondarenko. “
Shortly before the end of the Great Patriotic War, on March 27, 1945, Pyotr Pavlovich received the rank of Major General of Technical Troops.
Pavel Danilovich Hudz
Pavel Danilovich Gudz was born in 1919 in the village of Stufchentsy. After graduating from school, he entered the College of Arts and then became an instructor of the district department of public education. However, he soon decided to drastically change his life and entered the 2nd Saratov Tank School. After his studies, Pavel arrived in Lvov, where the 63rd Tank Regiment was based. He was among his brothers-in-arms in early June 1941, just a few days before the German invasion.
On the morning of June 22, Pavel Danilovich’s regiment raised the alert and entered into battle with the enemy. On the very first day of the war, the Guja platoon was able to destroy several German vehicles. For a whole week, Soviet soldiers defended their occupied positions, but the enemy’s forces were too great. On June 30, the fighters learned that the Nazis entered Lviv, and the Red Army retreated. Pavel Danilovich and his colleagues were cut off from their own people, they urgently needed to find a way out of this difficult situation.
After a short discussion, it was decided to break through the enemy line and go through the captured Lvov. The column of equipment was led by a tank under the control of Guja. Despite the fierce resistance of the enemy, Pavel Danilovich and his comrades managed to complete the combat mission.
A few months later, Pavel Danilovich ended up in Moscow: he was summoned there to receive new equipment. In the capital, Gudz took part in the legendary parade on November 7, 1941, and soon after that returned to the front line to defend Moscow from the German offensive in his KV-1 tank.
During the war, Pavel Gudz was seriously wounded several times. At the end of 1942, near Stalingrad, during one of the battles, several fragments hit him, on the same day the tanker received two bullet wounds. After the hospital, he returned to the front.
In 1943, in Zaporozhye, his tank was hit by the enemy. Two crew members of the car were killed, and Pavel Danilovich himself was seriously injured – a shell fragment shattered his left hand. Despite being wounded, he continued to fight and destroyed two enemy tanks. The Germans fired back at Guja’s car, after which he lost consciousness. The fighter woke up already in the hospital. The left arm had to be replaced with a prosthesis, but after a few months Pavel Danilovich was again in the ranks.
Pavel Danilovich Gudz deservedly bears the title of one of the main tank aces of the Great Patriotic War: over the years of battles, he destroyed 15 German tanks.
Karp Vasilievich Sviridov
The military career of Karp Vasilyevich Sviridov began many years before the first shots of the Great Patriotic War. He was born in 1896. The First World War also fell to his lot. And when the revolution thundered in the Russian Empire, Sviridov sided with the Red Army.
After returning from the front in 1920, the young soldier entered the First Machine-Gun Courses in Moscow. The cadets lived on the territory of the Kremlin. Years later, Karp Vasilyevich said that during his studies in the Kremlin, he stood at guard posts number 26 – next to Lenin’s office, and number 27 – not far from Vladimir Ilyich’s apartment.
When the Great Patriotic War began, Karp Vasilyevich was in the rank of colonel and commanded the 18th Infantry Division. Sviridov and his fighters took their first battle near Orsha. After one of the battles on the Western Front, Karp Vasilyevich’s division was surrounded by the Germans – they managed to get out at the cost of huge losses, which soon Sviridov’s division was disbanded, and he took command of the 363rd rifle division.
With his fighters, Karp Vasilyevich participated in the Soviet counteroffensive near Moscow, and then recaptured the cities of the USSR from the invaders, moving westward. Sviridov’s soldiers took part in the liberation of many European cities: Vienna, Gyor, Brno, Budapest and others. The last battle of Karp Vasilyevich’s fighters happened after the surrender of the Nazi command near the Czechoslovak village of Slavitsy.
Yakov Pavlovich Kiselev
A special place in the history of the Great Patriotic War is occupied by the feat of the Podolsk cadets who detained the Germans on the outskirts of Moscow. Among these heroes was Yakov Pavlovich Kiselev.
On October 5, 1941, by order of the leadership, the cadets went to the Ugra River, where the Nazis entered. The soldiers’ path ran through the small town of Medyn, which had been bombed by German fighters the day before.
Many years later, Yakov Pavlovich recalled Medyn:
“The city was on fire. On the right, by the side of the road, opposite the blazing kindergarten building, a murdered woman was lying, clutching a child to her breast, and at a distance several heads of cows (nurses of many families), apparently returning from pasture. It was a hard sight. The hearts of the cadets sank from the battle, and every request they swore to take revenge on the enemy. “
For almost three weeks, the young heroes held back the German troops. During this time, they killed about 5 thousand Nazis. However, the heroes had to pay a high price – about 500 of the 3,500 cadets survived.
For this feat, Yakov Pavlovich and his classmates were nominated for the Order of the Red Banner. On the award sheet he had it written:
“He fought bravely and courageously in the battle, being in the vanguard of the group. Despite the hurricane mortar fire, boldly with a group of cadets rushed to the counterattack and repelled the enemy’s attack. “