Sometimes we put off a visit to the dentist until the last, trying to endure a toothache. Remember, flux is DANGEROUS! We will consider the details of the disease in this article.
Hoping that everything “will pass by itself”, we do not even think about the fact that the result of heroic patience in this case can be a flux. Everyone who is familiar with this unpleasant phenomenon firsthand had to ask the question – is it possible to solve this problem at home or is it better to immediately run to the dentist?
Odontogenic periostitis, or flux, got its name from the German word “fluss”, which means “flow, flow”. If a toothache constantly bothers and intensifies when chewing and pressing on the tooth, and all this is accompanied by swelling of the mucous membrane, swelling of the cheek from the side of the diseased tooth, this is the flux. The reasons for its occurrence can be different. This is a tooth affected by caries, mechanical trauma, and inflammation of the gum pocket – the space between the tooth and the gum.
Most often, the infection is to blame for the occurrence of the flux: in the cavity of the tooth or in the gums, along with the remnants of food during the chewing process, particles of putrefactive decay accumulate. From the top of the tooth, pus makes a channel for itself in the bone tissue, trying to escape outward, and breaks through the bone, stopping under the periosteum of the upper or lower jaw. In Latin, the lower jaw is called “periostum”. It is from here that the name periostitis originated.
A pathological process develops in the tissues surrounding the tooth, accompanied by painful sensations, which gradually develop into pulsating pain. If you delay at the same time with a trip to the hospital, the inflammatory process spreads to the periosteum: the pain becomes such that it is no longer possible to endure it.
This disease is not extremely serious and terrible. But the flux will not work by itself, and there is a possibility of complications. The inflammation can intensify due to improper treatment or its absence, after which its new components will appear: pulsating pain radiating to the ear, and increased body temperature.
The main symptoms of the flux
Almost everyone knows the symptoms of the flux: near the tooth, the pulp of which has died or only one root remains, a hard seal appears on the gum. It is painful to the touch and grows rapidly. After that, the soft tissues of the face also swell. The location of this swelling on the face is determined by the location of the diseased tooth – as a rule, the cheek is swollen. But the lip, the wings of the nose, as well as the lower eyelid can also swell. All these symptoms are accompanied by general malaise and fever.
The main signs of the flux are more pronounced in adults, since their immunity is stronger. In children and the elderly, symptoms are less pronounced due to weakened immunity.
Stages of development of the disease
The early stage of flux development is usually characterized by the absence of an abscess. Specialists treat it with anti-inflammatory antibiotics and pain relievers. Despite the frivolity of this stage, even a seemingly simple treatment is best done under the supervision of a dentist. Then it won’t come to complications. After the examination, the doctor will determine the condition of the tooth root, and then decide whether to keep it or remove it. Medical treatment is selected individually.
If at the first stage of the disease you do not consult a doctor, then the early stage will turn into purulent. Treatment of the tooth flux with a purulent form is carried out only surgically: next to the diseased tooth, a small incision is made through which pus is released outward. The abscess is removed, and antiseptic actions are performed in the inflamed area. To ensure a full outflow, drainage is briefly put in – this is the name of a special rubber strip. The whole process should take place only in the dental office, with the use of painkillers.
At the same time, the doctor prescribes antibacterial and anti-inflammatory medications to relieve pain, inflammation and fever. Only a dentist should prescribe antibiotics, taking into account your particular problem. After a while, the pain, swelling and swelling will disappear. The incision will heal. It is extremely rare that the flux continues to develop, and pus, accumulating in soft tissues, causes an abscess. In these cases, the treatment takes longer and more intensive.
In the case when pus penetrates into the facial regions and into the intermuscular space, descends to the neck up to the internal organs, the so-called phlegmon appears. Phlegmon is a diffuse purulent inflammation. This is already a deadly disease!
Doctors warn: a sick tooth cannot be completely cured by rinsing with soda, using analginum and a paste for self-sealing teeth. All kinds of dental drops and heating pads are also ineffective. You cannot get rid of periostitis (flux) at home! You can only use some folk remedies – if, for example, there is absolutely no way to go to the dentist on that particular day. But do not hope for a miracle and wait for the flux to dissolve by itself.
Never put yourself warming compresses, because they only contribute to the spread of the process and can lead to serious complications.
Do not take pain relievers 3 hours before your doctor’s appointment: this makes it difficult to make a diagnosis.
Do not drink aspirin after you have an incision in the clinic, as it can cause bleeding.
If, despite the incision, there is no relief within 12 hours, see your doctor again. Do not prescribe your own medicine!
Patience, only patience!
Even after the procedure performed by the dentist is in the past, you need to wait a bit until the effects of the flux disappear completely. The edema may even increase slightly, but on the third day everything usually disappears.
Within a few hours, the aching pain in the area of the focus should subside, and the temperature should return to normal. If unpleasant sensations arise along the line of the incision, then there should be no severe pain. Drainage left in the oral cavity does not need to be removed or attempted to be corrected – until the next visit to the specialist. After all, drainage is needed to prevent the wound from closing ahead of time. If it falls out, see a doctor.
To prevent periostitis from recurring, it is enough just not to forget about oral hygiene. Flux prophylaxis is a timely, completed dental treatment. Preventing the development of caries and pulp inflammation is also not difficult – contact your dentist every year.
Home remedies for the disease
Today, there are many alternative methods for relieving the symptoms of flux. The most effective of them:
- Soda rinse… Preparation of the rinse solution: pour 1 teaspoon of baking soda and 1 teaspoon of salt with boiling water and wait for the solution to return to room temperature. It is advisable to rinse at intervals of a couple of hours – until the symptoms are relieved.
- Gargle with sage decoction… You need to take 2 tablespoons of dry sage and pour 0.5 liters of boiling water. With cooled sage tea, you can rinse your mouth three times an hour.
- Herbal collection… It is necessary to use 3 tablespoons of angelica, peppermint, birch buds, periwinkle. Three of the same spoons of this herbal collection are poured with a liter of water, boiled and infused for an hour. With the resulting infusion, you need to rinse your mouth every 2.5 hours. This infusion can also be used as a compress for complications of the flux.
Using folk remedies, you need to remember that they only help relieve symptoms before visiting the dentist’s office, with which it is better not to delay.
Recommended for viewing
We also recommend watching the video with the doctor’s comments, where these questions are professionally disclosed:
0:14 – what is tooth flux
0:35 – is it possible to cure the flux on your own
0:47 – signs, symptoms of flux
1:57 – how the flux is diagnosed (exacerbation of periodontitis)
2:25 – stages of tooth flux treatment
3:39 – when drug therapy is prescribed
3:45 am – when the patient should feel an improvement in the flux treatment
3:55 am – second visit to the doctor after the initial treatment of the flux
4:15 am – if the initial treatment of the flux did not give positive results
video author: dentist-therapist – Ekaterina Alexandrovna Lakhtina.
We wish you health!