What is transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and how it works

Every year the number of registered cases of neurological disorders is growing steadily.

Reconstructive Neurology Clinic

Despite the fact that the main patients of the relevant field of medicine are the elderly and the disabled, even young people are officially included in the risk group today. Against this background, many years of work Reconstructive Neurology Clinics in terms of application transcranial magnetic stimulation for prevention, treatment and rehabilitation looks especially significant.

Transcranial magnetic stimulation is a therapeutic non-invasive method of influencing the central nervous system using a controlled magnetic field. An electric coil placed over a certain area of ​​the head generates a powerful electromagnetic pulse that penetrates through the integumentary and bone tissues directly into the brain. The response caused by neurons is by its nature identical to that which occurs in the central nervous system of a completely healthy person. This allows us to speak not only about the therapeutic effect, but also about the possibility of re-“studying” previously lost functions.

Diseases for which TMS therapy is indicated include:

  • dysfunction of the brain and developmental delays;

  • autism;

  • Parkinson’s disease;

  • epilepsy;

  • vegetative-vascular dystonia (VVD);

  • SDVG;

  • depression.

A bit of history

In 1831, the English scientist Michael Faraday developed a physical concept from which it followed that an alternating magnetic field could have some effect on the neural structures of living organisms, including the human brain. In practice, the theory was tested only after 65 years of research: in 1896, the French physiologist and physicist Arsene d’Arsonval was the first to confirm the presence of feedback from the nervous system of a subject placed in the zone of action of increased electromagnetic radiation. Another 6 years later, the contemporaries and colleagues of Sigmund Freud made an attempt to apply the results obtained in psychiatry, as evidenced by a patent for a special device.

What improvements are expected after the TMS

The effect of a session of transcranial magnetic stimulation is felt at several levels at once. First of all, the work of the brain is noticeably improved, which is expressed by the clarity of thinking and the coordination of actions. Pains and unpleasant physiological sensations characteristic of certain diseases noticeably decrease or completely disappear. There is a positive behavior correction: irritability decreases, negative depressive behavior recedes. Presumably, there is a strengthening of immunity, due to an indirect effect on the endocrine and cardiovascular systems.

The practice of using TMS in Russia

Since 1993, the specialists of the Clinic for Reconstructive Neurology have been using transcranial magnetic stimulation to diagnose and treat a wide range of neurological and mental diseases. No other medical institution in the country has such a rich experience in applying the technique in practice. The general scientific contribution to neurology in terms of the area under study looks no less significant:

  • over 22,000 studies conducted;

  • more than 200 scientific publications;

  • 32 teaching aids were published;

  • registered 11 patents.

One of the features of the Clinic for Reconstructive Neurology is a personalized approach to each patient. First of all, this means a thorough diagnosis of the condition, as well as the development of an individual program and parameters for subsequent therapeutic stimulation.

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